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World Journal of Engineering
Research and Technology

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Engineering Research and Technology

ISSN 2454-695X

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ICV : 79.45

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Abstract

TRAFFIC CONGESTION MITIGATION AND ALLEVIATED MEASURES IN KIGALI CITY, RWANDA

Vincent Harelimana*, Albert Salomon Kibugenza Umuhuza, Pierre Gapfizi and Fabien Bizabarimana

ABSTRACT

The main focus of this research was about the study on traffic congestion in Kigali city, Rwanda and proposing the alleviated measures to overcome to the problem. The considered routes for this study were chosen based on the occurrence of high traffic congestion especially during peak hours. Both quantitative and qualitative descriptive research design have been used to overcome to the sustainable solution of the said problem of traffic congestion in Kigali city. The 270 respondents were drawn randomly from different purposively determined group of the societies of Rwanda referred their awareness about traffic congestion. Traffic survey was conducted on field. As results, it is found that traffic congestion caused by many reasons, such as imbalance between the traffic volume and road capacity, inflexible work schedules, inadequate public transport, and poor urban land-use plan are the main reasons, location of different activities in one place of Rwanda which is Kigali city and leads to the attraction of many citizens from Villages towards town. Most journeys along the road are from various peripheral areas of the city to the core areas mainly for daily work and market purposes and other related purposes. On the average interval, it is found that most people?s travel at 6:00– 9:00 AM and 4:00 – 8:00 PM and the Traffic is highly congested within these two peak periods. Moreover, regarding travel-time or delay, it was 58.7 secs per vehicle at Nyabugogo-town road and 58.9 secs per vehicle at Sonatubes-Rwandex. It is also found that, congestion problem can be mitigated through different strategies, such as promoting the use of public

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